Negative Space Study • No. 3

June 23th, 2013 • San Francisco, California

The Vaillancourt Fountain has been considered controversial since its construction, and criticism of it has continued over the years. Opponents of the work handed out leaflets at the dedication of the fountain describing it as a "loathsome monstrosity", a "howling obscenity", an "obscene practical joke", "idiotic rubble", and a "pestiferous eyesore". Art critic Alfred Frankenstein of the San Francisco Chronicle responded that "its very outrageousness and extravagance are part of its challenge" and therefore, it can't be all bad. 1

While some see this unique fountain as an eyesore, I see it as an opportunity to continue my negative space study.